Taiwan Politics Database
www.taiwan-database.net

Maps 🗺

  1. Maps of the ROC provinces and municipalities (before 1949)
  2. Maps of the ROC's cities and counties
  3. Physical map of Taiwan
  4. Additional map index

Note: Each map on this page can be displayed with a larger format by directly clicking on the image. In addition, the page Local administration of this website contains more detailed maps of every ROC special municipality, county and county-level city.

Most of the maps used on this website are sketches created by the chief researcher based on various sources for practical information and orientation purposes only. The depiction of boundaries and related data shown on these maps are not warranted to be error free as minor inaccuracies cannot be completely ruled out. Unless otherwise indicated, all maps are oriented with North at the top.

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Maps of the ROC provinces and municipalities (before 1949)

ROC provinces plus Mongolia Traditionally, China has been subdivided into six geographic areas—Central China (huazhong diqu 華中地區), South China (huanan diqu 華南地區), North China (huabei diqu 華北地區), Western China (xibu diqu 西部地區), Northeast China (dongbei diqu 東北地區), and the Northern Frontier (saibei diqu 塞北地區).

The distribution of the ROC's provinces plus Mongolia, Taiwan and Tibet in these areas was as follows:

  • Central China—7 provinces: Anhwei (Anhui sheng 安徽省), Chekiang (Zhejiang sheng 浙江省), Hunan (Hunan sheng 湖南省), Hupeh (Hubei sheng 湖北省), Kiangsi (Jiangxi sheng 江西省), Kiangsu (Jiangsu sheng 江蘇省), and Szechwan (Sichuan sheng 四川省);
  • South China—5 provinces: Fukien (Fujian sheng 福建省), Kwangsi (Guangxi sheng 廣西省), Kwangtung (Guangdong sheng 廣東省), Kweichow (Guizhou sheng 貴州省), and Yunnan (Yunnan sheng 雲南省); plus Taiwan (Taiwan sheng 台灣省);
  • North China—6 provinces: Honan (Henan sheng 河南省), Hopeh (Hebei sheng 河北省), Kansu (Gansu sheng 甘肅省), Shansi (Shanxi sheng 山西省), Shantung (Shandong sheng 山東省), and Shensi (Shanxi sheng 陝西省spelled "Shaanxi" in today's China);
  • Western China—3 provinces: Sikang (Xikang sheng 西康省), Sinkiang (Xinjiang sheng 新疆省), and Tsinghai (Qinghai sheng 青海省); plus Tibet (Xizang diqu 西藏地方);
  • Northeast China—9 provinces: Antung (Andong sheng 安東省), Heilungkiang (Heilongjiang sheng 黑龍江省), Hokiang (Hejiang sheng 合江省), Hsing'an (Xing'an sheng 興安省), Kirin (Jilin sheng 吉林省), Liaoning (Liaoning sheng 遼寧省), Liaopeh (Liaobei sheng 遼北省), Nunkiang (Nenjiang sheng 嫩江省), and Sungkiang (Songjiang sheng 松江省);
  • Northern Frontier—4 provinces: Chahar (Chahaer sheng 察哈爾省), Jehol (Rehe sheng 熱河省) Ninghsia (Ningxia sheng 寧夏省), and Suiyuan (Suiyuan sheng 綏遠省); plus Mongolia (Menggu 蒙古).

In addition, there were the following 12 municipalities (yuanxiashi 院轄市) in the ROC: Canton (Guangzhou shi 廣州市), Chungking (Chongqing shi 重慶市), Dairen (Dalian shi 大連市), Hankow (Hankou shi 漢口市), Harbin (Haerbin shi 哈爾濱市), Mukden (Shenyang shi 瀋陽市), Nanking (Nanjing shi 南京市), Peiping/Peking (Beiping shi 北平市), Shanghai (Shanghai shi 上海市), Sian (Xi'an shi 西安市), Tientsin (Tianjin shi 天津市), and Tsingtao (Qingdao shi 青島市).

The following map shows the distribution of provinces and municipalities in the ROC before 1949. Please note that before the end of WWII in 1945, Taiwan was not part of the ROC.

ROC provinces: 1–Anhwei, 2–Antung, 3–Chahar, 4–Chekiang, 5–Fukien, 6–Heilungkiang, 7–Hokiang, 8–Honan, 9–Hopeh, 10–Hsing'an, 11–Hunan, 12–Hupeh, 13–Jehol, 14–Kansu, 15–Kiangsi, 16–Kiangsu, 17–Kirin, 18–Kwangsi, 19–Kwangtung, 20–Kweichow, 21–Liaoning, 22–Liaopeh, 23–Ninghsia, 24–Nunkiang, 25–Shansi, 26–Shantung, 27–Shensi, 28–Sikang, 29–Sinkiang, 30–Suiyuan, 31–Sungkiang, 32–Szechwan, 33–Tsinghai, and 34–Yunnan.

ROC municipalities: 1–Canton, 2–Chungking, 3–Dairen, 4–Hankow, 5–Harbin, 6–Mukden, 7–Nanking, 8–Peiping, 9–Shanghai, 10–Sian, 11–Tientsin, and 12–Tsingtao.

ROC municipalities

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Maps of the ROC's cities and counties

Taiwan Province after WWII

Taiwan was incorporated into the ROC in October 1945 following the surrender of the Japanese. At that time the administrative subdivisions of Taiwan Province included 9 cities—Taipei {1}, Keelung {2}, Hsinchu {3}, Taichung {4}, Changhua {5}, Chiayi {6}, Tainan {7}, Kaohsiung {8}, Pingtung {9}; and 8 counties—Taipei {A}, Hsinchu {B}, Taichung {C}, Tainan {D}, Kaohsiung {E}, Hualien {F}, Taitung {G}, Penghu {H}; the territorial layout of the 8 counties being almost identical with the 8 prefectures under Japanese rule.

On Aug. 26, 1949 the Tsaoshan Administrative Bureau (caoshan guanliju 草山管理局) {X} was established, comprising the Townships of Shihlin 士林鎮 and Peitou 北投鎮. The bureau was renamed Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau (Yangmingshan guanliju 陽明山管理局) on March 31, 1950.

In August 1950 the administrative subdivision of Taiwan Province was reorganized to 5 cities (Taipei, Keelung, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung), 16 counties (Taipei, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, Penghu) plus the Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau. When the latter was abolished on Jan. 1, 1974, the townships of Peitou and Shihlin became districts of Taipei City. Taipei City was upgraded to the status of special municipality on July 1, 1967, Kaohsiung was upgraded to special municipality on July 1, 1979. On July 1, 1982, two cities were added to the administrative structure when the counties of Hsinchu and Chiayi were split into Hsinchu City / Hsinchu County and Chiayi City / Chiayi County, respectively.

The map on the right shows Taiwan proper and the ROC's three offshore counties in the Taiwan Strait. In this context it has to be pointed out that Kinmen County and Lienchiang County do not belong to Taiwan Province but are under the jurisdiction of the ROC's Fujian Province.

Note: Status and area of the ROC's three offshore counties—Penghu, Kinmen and Lienchiang/Matsu—have remained unchanged since 1950.

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Taiwan proper (Jan. 1, 1974 to June 30, 1979)

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Taiwan proper (July 1, 1979 to June 30, 1982)

Kaohsiung City was upgraded to special municipality on July 1, 1979.

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Taiwan proper (July 1, 1982 to Dec. 24, 2010)

Hsinchu City and Chiayi City were upgraded to separate county-level cities on July 1, 1982.

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Taiwan proper (Dec. 25, 2010 to Dec. 24, 2014)

On Dec. 25, 2010 Taipei County was upgraded to special municipality and renamed New Taipei City, Kaohsiung County was absorbed by Kaohsiung City, Taichung City absorbed Taichung County and was upgraded to special municipality, and likewise Tainan City absorbed Tainan County and was upgraded to special municipality.

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Taiwan proper (since Dec. 25, 2014)

Taoyuan County was upgraded to special municipality and renamed Taoyuan City on Dec. 25, 2014.

All maps Copyright © 2009-2022 Tilman Aretz

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Physical map of Taiwan

Copyright notice for the three maps below:

© Relief Maps, computed by Hans Braxmeier. Courtesy maps-for-free.com

As an interesting supplement, the user can click here to view a map which shows the next subdivisions below the county/county-level city/special municipality category in Taiwan, i. e. districts; cities, urban townships and rural townships. Geographically larger subdivisions in most cases indicate sparsely populated hilly terrain, small subdivisions are often a sign for very high population density.

The two maps below show Kinmen on the left and Matsu on the right.

For a physical map of Penghu click here. A composite image comprising physical maps of Lanyu aka Orchid Island (top left), Ludao/Lyudao aka Green Island (top right), Liuchiu (bottom left) and Guishan Island aka Turtle Island (bottom right) can be found here. (Copyright © Relief Maps, computed by Hans Braxmeier; courtesy maps-for-free.com)

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Additional map index

The following lists contain 115 maps which can be found on other pages of this website, including Introduction Taiwan / ROC, Other central government agencies, Local administration, and Tools. Unless otherwise indicated, those maps were created by the website's chief researcher. Detailed copyright notices for the 9 maps not created by the chief researcher can be found here.

General geographic maps

Taiwan’s position in East Asia Taiwan off China’s southeast coast South China Sea (Copy-
right © Creative Commons,
author: Goran tek-en—Jan. 23, 2014)
Constellation in the East China Sea Okinawa Trough (Copy-
right © maps-for-free.com)
Taiwan’s river system Taiwan’s faults—English
(Copyright © CGS)
Taiwan’s faults—Chinese
(Copyright © CGS)

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Maps of smaller islands

Penghu Kinmen Kinmen and the PRC
Wuqiu Township between Kinmen and Matsu Wuqiu Township Matsu
Matsu and the PRC Overview Taiwan proper with smaller islands Smaller islands off northern Taiwan
Keelung Islet, Heping Island Pengjia Guishan Island
Smaller islands off southern Taiwan Lyudao aka Ludao Lanyu (Orchid Island)
Liuchiu Taiwan and South China Sea islands Pratas Island
Taiping Diaoyutai archipelago Diaoyutai Island

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Historical maps

Dutch and Spanish areas of activity ("Map 1") Kingdom of Tungning ("Map 2") Government controlled areas 1894 ("Map 3")
Kingdom of Middag ("Map 4") Taiwan's administrative subdivisions—late Qing
Japan’s administrative subdivisions (1901-1909) Japan’s administrative subdivisions (1909-1920) Japan’s administrative subdivisions (1920-1945)

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Maps concerning Taiwan’s indigenous peoples

Indigenous languages before colonization
(Copyright Wikimedia © Creative Commons, author: Kwamikagami, at English Wikipedia, date: Aug. 28, 2008)
Distribution of 16 indigenous tribes
(Copyright © ROC Yearbook 2015)
Distribution of 16 indigenous tribes
(Copyright © National Chiayi University)
Distribution of 9 indigenous tribes
(Copyright © ROC Yearbook 2000)
55 indigenous communities (all Taiwan proper) Indigenous communities in New Taipei City
Indigenous communities in Taoyuan City Indigenous communities in Hsinchu County Indigenous communities in Miaoli County
Indigenous communities in Taichung City Indigenous communities in Nantou County Indigenous communities in Chiayi County
Indigenous communities in Kaohsiung City Indigenous communities in Pingtung County Indigenous communities in Yilan County
Indigenous communities in Hualien County Indigenous communities in Taitung County

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Thumbnail administrative maps

The thumbnail maps show the location of the respective city/county on Taiwan proper or—for the three offshore counties Penghu, Kinmen and Lienchiang/Matsu—in the Taiwan area.

Special municipalities

Taipei Kaohsiung New Taipei City
Taoyuan Taichung Tainan

Counties

Hsinchu County Miaoli Changhua
Nantou Yunlin Chiayi County
Pingtung Yilan Hualien
Taitung
Penghu Kinmen Lienchiang County

County-level cities

Keelung Hsinchu City Chiayi City

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Detailed administrative maps

Special municipalities

Taipei subdivisions Greater Kaohsiung subdivisions Old Kaohsiung City subdivisions
New Taipei City subdivisions Taoyuan City subdivisions Greater Taichung subdivisions
Old Taichung City subdivisions Greater Tainan subdivisions Old Tainan City subdivisions

Counties

Hsinchu County subdivisions Miaoli County subdivisions Changhua County subdivisions
Nantou County subdivisions Yunlin County subdivisions Chiayi County subdivisions
Pingtung County subdivisions Yilan County subdivisions Hualien County subdivisions
Taitung County subdivisions
Penghu County subdivisions Kinmen County subdivisions Lienchiang County subdivisions

County-level cities

Keelung City subdivisions Hsinchu City subdivisions Chiayi City subdivisions

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Other maps

Overview nuclear facilities Nuclear facilities in northern Taiwan Nuclear facilities in southern Taiwan
Nuclear facilities on Lanyu Nine ROC postal zones Postal zones Wanli and Jinshan
Seven regions 1 Seven regions 2 Seven regions 3
Seven regions 4 Seven regions 5 Seven regions 6
Seven regions 7 Taiwan ADIZ (Copyright © Deutsche Welle)

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