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Judicial Yuan

  1. Overview
  2. Leadership and structure
  3. Constitutional Court and ROC Supreme Court

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Overview

Judicial Yuan 司法院
No. 124 Chongqing South Road Sec. 1,
Zhongzheng District, Taipei City 10048, Taiwan ROC
[10048 台北市中正區重慶南路 1 段 124 號]
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🌏 Judicial Yuan – Web link

The Judicial Yuan (sifa yuan 司法院) was established on Nov. 16, 1928 and operates the court system of the ROC.

Composition and main duties

The Judicial Yuan comprises a president, vice president and (as of June 2014) thirteen grand justices (da faguan 大法官) which constitute the Council of Grand Justices (da faguan huiyi 大法官會議), also called "Justices of the Constitutional Court" in English. These fifteen persons are nominated and appointed by the ROC president with the consent of the ROC Legislative Yuan. In their function of Constitutional Court (xianfa fating 憲法法庭) which was established on Feb. 3, 1993 and began operation on Oct. 22 that year, they interpret the constitution and have the power to unify the interpretation of laws and regulations. They also preside over impeachment trials of the ROC president or VP if the Legislative Yuan passes an impeachment resolution.

Division of labour
As general principles of modern democratic systems apply in the ROC as well, the basic difference between the Judicial Yuan and the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) can be described as follows.
  • The Judicial Yuan operates the court system of the ROC, interprets the Constitution and is vested with disciplinary power. Courts on different levels adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. As justice is supposed to be blind, courts are independent from government interference and must remain neutral in terms of party politics.
  • The MOJ is an institution of the executive branch, i. e. part of the central government with authority in matters concerning the legal system, prosecution, the correctional system and other duties. It has no authority to interfere in court proceedings and trials (especially in reaching a verdict and rendering judgment).
Since amendments to the Ministry of Justice Organization Act (fawubu zuzhifa 法務部組織法) were passed in 1980, the administration of the courts and the prosecution have been separated. This arrangement was devised in order to draw a clear line between the judicial power and the administrative power by placing the prosecution and judgment under the jurisdiction of two different branches.

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Leadership and structure

The Judicial Yuan is headed by a president (yuanzhang 院長), the other two most senior positions are vice president (fu yuanzhang 副院長) and secretary-general (mishuzhang 秘書長).

Presidents of the Judicial Yuan

Tenure Name Born/Died Native Province
11/1928—6/1931 Wang Chung-hui 王寵惠 1881-1958 Guangdong
6/1931—1/1932 Wu Chao-shu 伍朝樞 1887-1934 Tianjin
1/1932—6/1948 Chu Chen 居正 1876-1951 Hubei
6/1948—3/1958 Wang Chung-hui (second time)
6/1958—12/1971 Hsieh Kuan-sheng 謝冠生 1897-1971 Zhejiang
12/1971—3/1977 Tien Chung-chin 田炯錦 1899-1977 Gansu
4/1977—7/1979 Tai Yen-hui 戴炎輝 1908-1992 Taiwan
7/1979—5/1987 Huang Shao-ku 黃少谷 1901-1996 Hunan
4/1987—9/1994 Lin Yang-kang 林洋港 1927-2013 Taiwan
9/1994—2/1999 Shih Chi-yang 施啟揚 1935-2019 Taiwan
2/1999—9/2007 Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生 b. 1932 Taiwan
10/2007—7/2010 Lai In-jaw 賴英照 b. 1946 Taiwan
7/2010—10/2010 @ Hsieh Tsay-chuan 謝在全 b. 1944 Taiwan
10/2010—10/2016 Rai Hau-min 賴浩敏 b. 1939 Taiwan
11/2016— Hsu Tzong-li 許宗力 b. 1956 Taiwan

Note: During the Legislative Yuan's confirmation hearings in October 2016, blue-camp legislators objected the appointment of Hsu Tzong-li on constitutional grounds as the president and vice president of the Judicial Yuan automatically serve as grand justices, and Hsu had already been grand justice between 2003 and 2011. Article 5 of the ROC Constitution's Seventh Amendment stipulates that 'Each Justice of the Constitutional Court of the Judicial Yuan shall serve a term of eight years, independent of the order of appointment to office, and shall not serve a consecutive term. The Justices of the Constitutional Court serving as President and Vice President of the Judicial Yuan shall not enjoy the guarantee of an eight-year term.' (司法院大法官任期八年,不分屆次,個別計算,並不得連任。但並為院長、副院長之大法官,不受任期之保障。) The Tsai Ing-wen administration argued that Hsu was not 'taking another term' (lianren 連任) but was 'being reappointed' (zairen 再任), meaning there was a time gap between the two terms and not two consecutive terms back-to-back, hence Hsu's return as grand justice would not violate the constitution.

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Vice Presidents of the Judicial Yuan

Tenure Name Born/Died Native Province
11/1928—1/1932 Chang Chi 張繼 1882-1947 Hebei
1/1932—3/1932 Chu Chen 居正 1876-1951 Hubei
3/1932—4/1947 Tan Chen 覃振 1885-1947 Hunan
4/1947—7/1948 Li Wen-fan 李文範 1884-1953 Guangdong
7/1948—5/1950 Shih Chih-chuan 石志泉 1886-1960 Hubei
5/1950—6/1958 Hsieh Kuan-sheng 謝冠生 1897-1971 Zhejiang
6/1958—7/1965 Foo Ping-sheung 傅秉常 1896-1965 Guangdong
7/1966—4/1972 Hsieh Ying-chou 謝瀛洲 1894-1972 Guangdong
7/1972—4/1977 Tai Yen-hui 戴炎輝 1909-1992 Taiwan
4/1977—7/1979 Han Chung-mo 韓忠謨 1915-1993 Anhui
7/1979—5/1987 Hung Shou-nan 洪壽南 1912-1997 Taiwan
5/1987—5/1993 Wang Tao-yuan 汪道淵 1913-2011 Anhui
5/1993—8/1998 Lu Yu-wen 呂有文 1926-1999 Sichuan
2/1999—4/2006 Cheng Chung-mo 城仲模 b. 1938 Taiwan
10/2007—7/2010 Hsieh Tsay-chuan 謝在全 b. 1944 Taiwan
10/2010—10/2016 Su Yeong-chin 蘇永欽 b. 1951 Taiwan
11/2016— Tsai Chiung-tun 蔡烱燉 b. 1953 N/A

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Secretary-generals of the Judicial Yuan since 1948

Tenure started Name Born/Died Native Province
7/1948 Tuan Mu-kai 端木愷 1903-1987 Anhui
6/1949 Yang Chao-yun 楊肇熉 b. 1893, d. N/A Sichuan
5/1950 Ma Shou-hwa 馬壽華 1893-1977 Anhui
9/1952 Wang Huan 王煥 b. 1893, d. N/A Hubei
3/1968 Chow Ting-yu 周定宇 N/A N/A
8/1972 Cheng Teh-shou 程德受 b. 1920 Zhejiang
7/1979 Fan Kuei-shu 范魁書 b. 1912, d. N/A  
5/1987 Wang Chia-yi 王甲乙 b. 1926 Taiwan
2/1993 Ko Yih-tsair 葛義才 b. 1928 Zhejiang
9/1994 Chu Shih-yen 朱石炎 N/A N/A
3/1997 Lin Kuo-hsien 林國賢 b. 1936 Taiwan
3/1999 Yang Jen-shou 楊仁壽 b. 1942 Taiwan
10/2003 K. C. Fan 范光群 b. 1939 Taiwan
10/2007 Hsieh Wen-ting 謝文定 b. 1948 Taiwan
7/2010 Shen Shou-ching 沈守敬 N/A N/A
10/2010 Lin Chin-fang 林錦芳 b. 1950 N/A
11/2016 Lu Tai-lang 呂太郎 b. 1959 N/A
10/2019— Lin Huei-huang 林輝煌 b. N/A N/A

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Departments in the Judicial Yuan

  Civil Department (minshiting 民事廳)
  Criminal Department (xingshiting 刑事廳)
  Department of Administrative Litigation and Discipline (xingzheng susong ji chengjieting 行政訴訟及懲戒廳)
  Family and Juvenile Department (shaonian ji jiashiting 少年及家事廳)
  Department of Judicial Administration (sifa xingzhengting 司法行政廳)
  Clerk Department of the Constitutional Court (dafaguan shujichu 大法官書記處)
  Secretariat (mishuchu 秘書處)
  Department of Information Technology (zixunchu 資訊處)
  Office of Public Relations (gonggong guanxichu 公共關係處)
  Department of Personnel (renshichu 人事處)
  Department of Accounting (kuaijichu 會計處)
  Department of Statistics (tongjichu 統計處)
  Department of Civil Service Ethics (zhengfengchu 政風處)
  Office of the Counselors (canshishi 參事室)
  Office of the Spokesperson (fayanrenshi 發言人室)

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Courts under the Judicial Yuan

In general, the ROC court system comprises three main levels—the local level with district courts, the next higher level with the Taiwan High Court and the Fuchien High Court, and on top the level of the ROC Supreme Court.

  Supreme Court (zui gao fayuan 最高法院), est. 1927
  Supreme Administrative Court (zui gao xingzheng fayuan 最高行政法院), est. June 23, 1933
▶ ▶ Taipei High Administrative Court (Taibei gaodeng xingzheng fayuan 臺北高等行政法院)
▶ ▶ Taichung High Administrative Court (Taizhong gaodeng xingzheng fayuan 臺中高等行政法院)
▶ ▶ Kaohsiung High Administrative Court (Gaoxiong gaodeng xingzheng fayuan 高雄高等行政法院)
  Disciplinary Court (chengjie fayuan 懲戒法院)
  Intellectual Property and Commercial Court (zhihui caichan ji shangye fayuan 智慧財產及商業法院), est. July 1, 2008
  Taiwan High Court (Taiwan gaodeng fayuan 臺灣高等法院), est. Nov. 1, 1945
▶ ▶ Taiwan High Court Taichung Branch Court (Taiwan gaodeng fayuan Taizhong fenyuan 臺灣高等法院臺中分院)
▶ ▶ Taiwan High Court Tainan Branch Court (Taiwan gaodeng fayuan Tainan fenyuan 臺灣高等法院臺南分院)
▶ ▶ Taiwan High Court Kaohsiung Branch Court (Taiwan gaodeng fayuan Gaoxiong fenyuan 臺灣高等法院高雄分院)
▶ ▶ Taiwan High Court Hualien Branch Court (Taiwan gaodeng fayuan Hualian fenyuan 臺灣高等法院花蓮分院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Taipei District Court (Taibei difang fayuan 臺北地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    New Taipei District Court (Xinbei difang fayuan 新北地方法院), before Jan. 1, 2013 called Banciao District Court (Banqiao difang fayuan板橋地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Shihlin District Court (Shilin difang fayuan 士林地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Taoyuan District Court (Taoyuan difang fayuan 桃園地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Hsinchu District Court (Xinzhu difang fayuan 新竹地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Miaoli District Court (Miaoli difang fayuan 苗栗地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Taichung District Court (Taizhong difang fayuan 臺中地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Nantou District Court (Nantou difang fayuan 南投地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Changhua District Court (Zhanghua difang fayuan 彰化地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Yunlin District Court (Yunlin difang fayuan 雲林地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Chiayi District Court (Jiayi difang fayuan 嘉義地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Tainan District Court (Tainan difang fayuan 臺南地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Kaohsiung District Court (Gaoxiong difang fayuan 高雄地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Taiwan Kaohsiung Juvenile Court (Taiwan Gaoxiong shaonian fayuan 臺灣高雄少年法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Pingtung District Court (Pingdong difang fayuan 屏東地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Taitung District Court (Taidong difang fayuan 臺東地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Hualien District Court (Hualian difang fayuan 花蓮地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Yilan District Court (Yilan difang fayuan 宜蘭地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Keelung District Court (Jilong difang fayuan 基隆地方法院)
   ▶ ▶ ▶    Penghu District Court (Penghu difang fayuan 澎湖地方法院)
  Fuchien High Court Kinmen Branch Court (Fujian gaodeng fayuan Jinmen fenyuan 福建高等法院金門分院)
▶ ▶ Fuchien Kinmen District Court (Fujian Jinmen difang fayuan 福建金門地方法院)
▶ ▶ Fuchien Lienchiang District Court (Fujian Lianjiang difang fayuan福建連江地方法院)

Please note that a Fuchien High Court (Fujian gaodeng fayuan 福建高等法院) in the ROC was first established in April 1927. Furthermore, after the Japanese took over Taiwan, a three-level court system was introduced in 1896, and the Taiwan Governor’s High Court (Taiwan zongdufu gaodeng fayuan 台灣總督府高等法院) was established on July 15 that year. Between July 1898 and August 1919 Taiwan had a two-level court system without a High Court.

Before the Disciplinary Court was set up on July 17, 2020, its predecessor was known as Public Functionary Disciplinary Sanction Commission (gongwuyuan chengjie weiyuanhui 公務員懲戒委員會).

Besides the judicial courts on various levels, the Judicial Yuan also controls and supervises the Judicial Personnel Study Center (sifayuan sifa renyuan yanxisuo 司法院司法人員研習所).

Another institution under the jurisdiction of the Judicial Yuan is the Judges Academy (faguan xueyuan 法官學院) which was established on March 1, 2001.

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National conferences on judicial reforms

Reforms of the ROC judiciary were not limited to constitutional amendments. A national conference on judicial reform (quanguo sifa gaige huiyi 全國司法改革會議) convened July 6–8, 1999 and was attended by 125 persons. After taking office as ROC president in May 2016, Tsai Ing-wen announced that a second national Conference on judicial reform would be staged in the first half of 2017, and it would endeavor to incorporate more public opinion rather than being dominated by experts. The first meeting of the Presidential Office Organizing Committee for National Conferences on Judicial Reforms (zongtongfu sifa gaige guoshi huiyi choubei weiyuanhui 總統府司法改革國是會議籌備委員會) took place on Nov. 25, 2016 with Tsai as convener (zhaojiren 召集人). Please note that the National Conferences on Judicial Reforms are sometimes called "National Congress on Judicial Reform" in English.

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Constitutional Court and ROC Supreme Court

The Council of Grand Justices since 1948

The First Term (diyijie dafaguan 第一屆大法官) 7/1948—9/1958:
Hong Wen-lan 洪文灡, Hu Pou-yeh 胡伯岳, Huang Yu-shun 黃右昌, Liou Ker-jun 劉克雋, Shen Jia-yi 沈家彝, Wong Jing-tang 翁敬棠, and Yuan Shu-tang 燕樹棠 (all completed the full term); Chang Shi-yi 張式彝 (out in 11/1948); Chang Yu-shun 張于潯, Lee Pou-shen 李伯申, and Lin Pin 林彬 (out in 1951); Shiang Jer-jun 向哲濬 and Su Shi-shun 蘇希洵 (appointed in 4/1949); Yueh Jai-jun 葉在均 (appointed in 4/1951); Han Jun-jei 韓俊傑, Ho Wei 何蔚, Hsu Pu-yuan徐步垣, Huang Cheng-ming 黃正銘, Tsai Chang-lin 蔡章麟, Tseng Shau-shun 曾劭勳, and Wang Fong-hsiung 王風雄 (appointed in 4/1952); Hsia Chin 夏勤 and Wei Da-tong 魏大同 (4/1949—1950).

The Second Term (dierjie dafaguan 第二屆大法官) 1958—9/1967:
Chin Shi-ding 金世鼎, Ching Tso-kang 景佐綱, Chu Ger-lu 諸葛魯, Hong Ying-jau 洪應灶, Hsu Pu-yuan 徐步垣, Hu Pou-yeh 胡伯岳, Huang Cheng-ming 黃正銘, Huang Yien-wou 黃演渥, Lin Ji-dong 林紀東, Shih Shang-kwan 史尚寬, Shih Yien-cheng 史延程, Tseng Fan-kang 曾繁康, and Wang Ji-jong 王之倧 (all completed the full term); Tseng Shau-shun 曾劭勳 (out in 1/1964); Hu Han 胡翰 (appointed in 7/1962); Huang Liang 黃亮 and Wang Chang-hua 王昌華 (appointed in 9/1964).

The Third Term (disanjie dafaguan 第三屆大法官) 1967—1976:
Chang Jin-lan 張金蘭, Chin Shi-ding 金世鼎, Ching Tso-kang 景佐綱, Hong Ying-jau 洪應灶, Hu Pou-yeh 胡伯岳, Huang Liang 黃亮, Kuan Ou 管歐, Lee Shueh-teng 李學燈, Lin Ji-dong 林紀東, Ouyang Jing-yu 歐陽經宇, Tseng Fan-kang 曾繁康, and Wang Ji-jong 王之倧 (all completed the full term); Chen Teh-kuang 程德光 (out in 12/1969); Huang Cheng-ming 黃正銘 and Huang Yien-wou 黃演渥 (out in 1971); Tien Chung-chin 田炯錦 (7/1971—12/1971); Tai Yen-hui 戴炎輝 (7/1971—7/1972); Chen Pu-sheng 陳樸生, Fan Shun-shiang 范馨香, Chen Shih-ron 陳世榮, and Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生 (appointed in 7/1972).

The Fourth Term (disijie dafaguan 第四屆大法官) 1976—1985:
Chai Shau-hsien 翟紹先, Chang Yi-po 鄭玉波, Chen Pu-sheng 陳樸生, Chen Shih-ron 陳世榮, Fan Shun-shiang 范馨香, Jeang Chang-wei 蔣昌煒, Liang Heng-tsang 梁恆昌, Lin Ji-dong 林紀東, Tu Huai-yin 涂懷瑩, Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生, Yang Yu-ling 楊與齡, and Yiau Wei-kuang 姚瑞光 (all completed the full term); Hong Shun-shin 洪遜欣 (out in 12/1981); Lee Ruen-yi 李潤沂 (out in 10/1982); Yang Zu-zan 楊日然, Yang Chien-hua 楊建華, Lee Chung-sheng 李鐘聲, and Herbert Han-pao Ma 馬漢寶 (appointed in 6/1982).

The Fifth Term (diwujie dafaguan 第五屆大法官) 1985—1994:
Chai Shau-hsien 翟紹先, Chang Cheng-tao 張承韜, Chang Chien-tsai 鄭健才, Chang Teh-sheng 張特生, Chen Rui-tang 陳瑞堂, Lee Chih-peng 李志鵬, Lee Chung-sheng 李鐘聲, Liu Tieh-cheng 劉鐵錚, Herbert Han-pao Ma 馬漢寶, Shih Shen-an 史錫恩, Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生, Wu Geng 吳庚, Yang Chien-hua 楊建華, and Yang Yu-ling 楊與齡 (all completed the full term); Fan Shun-shiang 范馨香 (out in 11/1987); Yang Zu-zan 楊日然 (out in 7/1994).

The Sixth Term (diliujie dafaguan 第六屆大法官) 1994—2003:
Chen Chi-nan 陳計男, Lin Young-mou 林永謀, Lu Tieh-cheng 劉鐵錚, Su Jyun-hsyong 蘇俊雄, Sun Sen-yen 孫森焱, Vincent Sze 施文森, Tai Tong-schung 戴東雄, Tseng Hua-sun 曾華松, Tung Hsiang-fei 董翔飛, Wang Ho-hsiung 王和雄, Wang Tze-chien 王澤鑑, Wu Geng 吳庚, Yang Huey-ing 楊慧英 (all completed the full term); Lin Kuo-hsien 林國賢 (out in 3/1997); Cheng Chung-mo 城仲模 (out in 7/1998); Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生 (out in 2/1999); Hsieh Tsay-chuan 謝在全 and Hwang Tueh-chin 黃越欽 (appointed in 2/1999); Lai In-jaw 賴英照 (2/1999—10/2000 and 6/2002—9/2003).

Former grand justices appointed on Oct. 1, 2003:
Yang Jen-shou 楊仁壽 (out in 2/2006); Cheng Chung-mo 城仲模 (out in 4/2006); Liaw Yih-nan 廖義男, Lin Young-mou 林永謀, Tseng Yu-tien 曾有田, Wang Ho-hsiung 王和雄, Weng Yueh-sheng 翁岳生, and Yu Syue-ming 余雪明 (out in 9/2007); Peng Feng-zhi 彭鳳至 (out in 12/2008); Hsieh Tsay-chuan 謝在全 and Lai In-jaw 賴英照 (out in 10/2010); Peggy Pi-hu Hsu 徐璧湖, Hsu Tzong-li 許宗力, Hsu Yu-hsiu 許玉秀, and Lin Tzu-yi 林子儀 (out in 9/2011).

Former grand justices appointed on Oct. 1, 2007:
Chih Chi-ming 池啟明, Li Chen-shan 李震山, Lin Sea-yau 林錫堯, and Tsay Ching-you 蔡清遊 (all out in 10/2015).

Former grand justices appointed on Oct. 1, 2008:
Chen Chun-sheng 陳春生, Chen Ming 陳敏, Chen Shin-min 陳新民, Huang Mao-zong 黃茂榮, and Yeh Pai-hsiu 葉百修 (all out in 10/2016).

Former grand justices appointed on Oct. 1, 2010:
Rai Hau-min 賴浩敏 and Su Yeong-chin 蘇永欽 (both out in 10/2016).

Former grand justices appointed on Oct. 1, 2011:
Huang Hsi-chun 黃璽君, Lo Chang-fa 羅昌發, Beyue C. Su 陳碧玉, and Dennis Te-chung Tang 湯德宗 (all out in 10/2019).

Current grand justices

Name Birth year Native province Date of appointment
Huang Horng-shya 黃虹霞 1954 N/A Oct. 1, 2015
Lin Jiun-yi 林俊益 1957 N/A  "
Tsai Ming-cheng 蔡明誠 1956 N/A  "
Wu Chen-huan 吳陳鐶 1954 N/A  "
Chan Sen-lin 詹森林 1957 Taiwan Nov. 1, 2016
Chang Chiung-wen 張瓊文 1955 Taiwan  "
Hsu Chih-hsiung 許志雄 1953 N/A  "
Hsu Tzong-li 許宗力 1956 Taiwan  "
Huang Chao-yuan 黃昭元 1962 Taiwan  "
Remington Huang 黃瑞明 1955 Taiwan  "
Tsai Chiung-tun 蔡烱燉 1953 N/A  "
Lu Tai-lang 呂太郎 1959 N/A Oct. 1, 2019
Shieh Ming-yan 謝銘洋 1957 N/A  "
Tsai Tzung-jen 蔡宗珍 1965 N/A  "
Yang Hui-chin 楊惠欽 1960 N/A  "

Note: Grand justices of the ROC are usually appointed for an 8-year term. The official title of a grand justice in English is "Honorable Justice".

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ROC Supreme Court

ROC Supreme Court 中華民國最高法院
No. 6 Changsha Street Sec. 1,
Zhongzheng District, Taipei City 10048, Taiwan ROC
[10048 台北市中正區長沙街 1 段 6 號]
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🌏 ROC Supreme Court – Web link

ROC Supreme Court presidents

Tenure (started) Name Born/Died Native Province
11/1927 Hsu Yuan-kao 徐元浩 1878-1955 Jiangxi
11/1928 Lin Hsiang 林翔 1882-1935 Fujian
1/1932 Chu Chen 居正 1876-1951 Hubei
7/1935 Chiao I-tang 焦易堂 1879-1950 Shaanxi
1/1941 Li Pei 李茇 1878-1958 Hunan
2/1945 Hsia Chin 夏勤 1892-1950 Jiangsu
7/1948—1966 Hsieh Ying-chou 謝瀛洲 1894-1972 Guangdong
1966–1968 Cha Liang-chien 查良鑑 1904-1994 Zhejiang
1968–1972 Chen Pu-sheng 陳樸生 1910-2000 Fujian
7/1972—1987 Chien Kuo-cheng 錢國成 1912-2010 Jiangsu
1987–1993 Chu Chien-hung 褚劍鴻 b. 1919 Jiangsu
2/1993—1996 Wang Chia-yi 王甲乙 b. 1926 Taiwan
1996–1998 Ko Yih-tsair 葛義才 b. 1928 Zhejiang
1998–2001 Lin Ming-teh 林明德 b. 1931 Taiwan
9/2001—9/2007 Wu Chii-pin 吳啟賓 b. 1937 Taiwan
9/2007—2/2012 Yang Jen-shou 楊仁壽 b. 1942 Taiwan
2/2012—10/2015 Yang Ting-chang 楊鼎章 b. 1945 Taiwan
10/2015—3/2020 Cheng Yu-shan 鄭玉山 N/A Zhejiang
3/2020— Wu Tsan 吳燦 b. 1953 N/A

The ROC Supreme Court (Zhonghua minguo zuigao fayuan 中華民國最高法院, 🏁—yuanzhang 院長) was established in 1927 based on the Dali Yuan 大理院 which had been founded in 1907 by the Qing as the highest adjudicative institution of last instance. The Law of the Supreme Court of the National Government (guomin zhengfu zuigao fayuan zuzhifa 國民政府最高法院組織法) was promulgated on Nov. 17, 1928. The ROC Supreme Court is under the jurisdiction of the Judicial Yuan, not the MOJ.

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